Rather than write separate emails to all, I am writing my reflections partial and incomplete at this point here, and will be directing them to it.
The Nile River Valley and the Nile Delta comprised approximately 12, square miles of fertile land, the villages and towns of which were situated along its length. The Mediterranean Sea lay to the north, vast deserts to the east and west and dense jungle to the south, making Primal religion essays invasion near impossible, and its virtual isolation allowed Egyptian civilization to develop unthreatened by its neighbours.
Because of this, the ancient Egyptian culture was very static, and it existed virtually unchanged for millennia, its origins going back beyond B. Much of the knowledge concerning ancient Egypt is based on complex rituals related to death and the afterlife.
Since Egyptian civilization was a product in many ways of the natural forces that surrounded it, the people looked to Nature to explain the unexplainable. The three main elements of the Egyptian religion were: A solar Primal religion essays god as the creator of the universe who manifested his power in the sun and its operations.
A belief in the regenerative power of nature which expressed itself in the adoration of ithyphallic gods and fertile goddesses Angels called Neteruand a series of animal and vegetation deities. A perception of anthropomorphic divinity, the life of whom existed in this world and in the world beyond.
Perceptions of God The Egyptian word for God is NTR or Neter which is illustrated by the hieroglyph of an axe-head supported by a wooden handle, a strong and formidable weapon in skilled hands.
While it is quite possible that the word means "strength" and "power, " other attributes are "renewal" or "renovation," as if the fundamental idea of God was one who had the power to perpetually renew itself and was self-creating.
Above all else, the ancient Egyptians believed in one God, who was self-existent, immortal, eternal, and invisible--the Creator of heaven and earth. Their principal religious theology was based upon this belief and no matter how far back we trace its history, there is no time when this belief was not predominant.
If examined closely, the gods are found to be nothing more than forms, manifestations, phases or attributes of the god Ra who was, in turn, the outward manifestation or symbol of the One God of whom it was not their custom to address.
They were referred to as intermediaries between God and man, and the word has also been translated as "Those who from Heaven to Earth came. Nu Nu was the "father of the gods" and originator of the "great company of gods". He was the primeval watery mass out of which all things came. The creation myth of the ancient Egyptians began with a vast waste of water called Nu, similar to the creation story in Genesis where the Spirit of God "hovered over the waters.
The primeval water remained in this condition for a considerable length of time; however, within it was the origin of all things that later came into existence. At length, Spirit felt the desire for creative activity and uttering the Word of Creation, the world sprang forth in the form depicted in the Mind of Spirit before the Word was ever spoken.
This was the primary act of Creation. Ra The next act of Creation was the formation of the egg from which Ra sprang, within whose shining form was the almighty power of Divine Spirit.
Ra thus became the visible symbol of God, the Creator of the world. Time began when Ra appeared above the horizon in the form of the Sun, and the life of humanity was compared to his daily course at a very early date.
As far back as the IVth dynasty, about BCE, he was regarded as the great god of heaven, King of all the gods, divine beings and resurrected dead.
As Ra was "Father of the Gods," it was natural that every god should represent some phase of him and that he should represent every god. Praise be unto thee, O Ra …behold thy body is Temu…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Khephera…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Shu…Praise be unto thee, O Ra…thy body is Tefnut…The attempt being made at the time this hymn was written was to emphasize that every god, whether foreign or native, was an aspect or form of Ra, the visible emblem of God.
Ra was probably the oldest god worshipped in Egypt, and his name belongs to such a remote period that its meaning is unknown. He is given credit for creating heaven and the earth and all its creatures.
The station of the resurrected in heaven was decided by Ra and of all the other gods, only Osiris had the power to claim protection for his followers. These ideas remained the same from the earliest of times, and Ra maintained his position as the great head of the companies of the gods.
Thoth Thoth was the master of law, both in its physical and moral conceptions, and he had the knowledge of "divine speech. In every legend where Thoth takes a prominent part, it is he who spoke the word that resulted in the wishes of Ra being carried into effect.
He spoke the words which caused the creation of the heavens and the earth, and he taught Isis the words which enabled her to restore life to the body of Osiris in such a way that they could conceive a child. He also gave her the formula which brought her son, Horus, back to life after he had been stung to death by a scorpion.
The hymns to Ra, which are found in the Book of the Dead, state that the deities Thoth and Maat stand on each side of the great god in his boat.A primal religion is a religion practiced by an indigenous people or culture. Primal religions generally do not depend on moral codes written in books or scriptures but pass down verbal knowledge from generation to generation through stories and song or dance and specific rites of passage.
Primal Religions vs. Religious Humanism - Primal Religions vs. Religious Humanism Although there are many differences between primal religions and modern day religious humanists, there are some similarities between the two.
Category: Papers; Title: Primal Religions vs. Religious Humanism. Religious Tolerance and Humanism Essay - Introduction An old history teacher of mine once said that people are incapable of seeing the endless things they share when these common aspects of life stand in the shadow of their few differences.
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literacy=unknown to primal religions; each member of tribe is a walking library; writing makes the mind lazy place versus space primal religions are totally embedded in place, places are sacred, if sacred places are moved= universe would be destroyed. The book "The World Religion's" by Huston Smith, delves into primal religions and try's to explain the values and sacred aspects of indigenous religions and people.