Printer-friendly PDF version Abstract Traditional notions of organizational communication have framed ethical questions as largely frivolous and placed them at the fringe of the field. Three factors contribute to this placement: More recently, several research traditions and initiatives have converged around ethical questions, including organizational culture and efforts to develop and examine codes and guidelines for ethical practice.
Structure and organization are integral components of an effective persuasive essay. The Introduction Simply enough, the introductory paragraph introduces the argument of your paper. Without a thesis, it is impossible for you to present an effective argument.
The thesis sentence should reflect both the position that you will argue and the organizational pattern with which you will present and support your argument. The following are helpful questions for you to consider when formulating a thesis sentence: What is the argument that I am trying to convince the reader to accept?
How exactly do I expect to convince the reader that this argument is sound?
Once you have answered these questions, the next step is to synthesize these answers into a single thesis sentence, or, if necessary, two thesis sentences. You want to convince your reader that the forces of industry did not shape American foreign policy from the late 19th century throughand you plan to do this by showing that there were other factors which were much more influential in shaping American foreign policy.
Both of these elements can be synthesized into a thesis sentence: Fear of foreign influence in the Western hemisphere, national pride, and contemporary popular ideas concerning both expansion and foreign peoples had significantly more influence on American foreign policy than did the voices of industrialists.
This sentence shows the position you will argue and also sets up the organizational pattern of your paper's body. Because each body paragraph should be a step in your argument, you should be mindful of the overall organization of your body paragraphs. The first step in writing an effective body paragraph is the construction of the first sentence of this paragraph, the topic sentence.
Just as the thesis sentence holds together your essay, the topic sentence is the glue binding each individual body paragraph.
It is important to keep in mind that the goal of the topic sentence is to advance your paper's argument, not just to describe the content of the paragraph. The first part in your thesis on page two states that fear of foreign influence in the Western Hemisphere had more influence on American foreign policy than did industry.
Thus, you need to elaborate on this point in your body paragraphs.
An effective topic sentence for one of these paragraphs could be: Subsequent body paragraphs might offer further evidence for the idea presented in this body paragraph.
A good way to test the strength of both your topic sentences and your argument as a whole is to construct an outline of your paper using only your paper's thesis statement and topic sentences. However, your conclusion should not simply be a copy of your introduction.
An effective conclusion gives the reader reasons for bothering to read your paper. One of the most important functions of this paragraph is to bring in fresh insight. Some possible questions to consider when writing your conclusion are: Why is what I am writing about important?
While the organization and structure described in this handout are necessary components of an effective persuasive essay, keep in mind that writing itself is a fluid process.
There are no steadfast rules that you need to adhere to as you write.The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. Transcript of Patterns of Organization of Persuasive Speech.
Organizing Your Persuasive Speech PROBLEM-SOLUTION ORDER A method of organizing persuasive speeches in which the first main point deals with the existence of a problem and the second main point presents a solution to the problem.
Directions. The reading passage is accompanied by a set of questions based on the passage and any introductory material that is given. Answer the questions according to what is .
§ Implementation of Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills for English Language Arts and Reading, Middle School, Beginning with School Year The Order of Importance organizational pattern can be difficult to identify alongside cause and effect and sequence text structures.
In fact, in some cases one could use the same graphic organizer to represent information from an order of importance and sequence passage.
There are many different ways of organizing the same information, and often two or more different organizational patterns are combined to create a final outline of information. The most commonly used patterns of organization are described below.