Posted by Algix in Short Posts 0 comments Whole algal biomass was made into crude oil by using the process of hydrothermal liquefaction in less than an hour.
However, the resulting damage to buildings and other structures and the risk of casualties from falling debris can make it extremely hazardous.
Some of the Hydrothermal liquification effects that can be harmful to people are: Collapsing buildings, walls, bridges, falling furniture or objects, shattering glass windows and mirrors.
Debris from collapsing structures is one of the principal dangers during an earthquake since the impact of large, heavy objects can be fatal to human beings. Earthquakes sometimes cause glass windows and mirrors to shatter and this is also quite dangerous.
Earthquake aftershocks can result in the complete collapse of buildings that were damaged during an earthquake. Earthquakes can cause electricity poles to fall and live wires to become exposed or to start fires. Ruptured gas lines and spillage of flammable substances.
Earthquake-generated fires can cause widespread destruction after a major earthquake. Escaping gas from broken gas lines and the toppling of containers with flammable substances e.
Additionally, water pipes are sometimes ruptured during an earthquake and this compounds the problem of controlling such fires.
During an earthquake, large rocks and portions of earth high up in the hills can become dislopdged and rapidly roll or slide down into the valleys.
Floods caused by the collapse of dam walls. Earthquakes can cause dam walls to crack and eventually collapse, sending raging waters into surrounding areas and causing severe flooding.
A tsunami is a large sea wave or series of waves that can be generated by an earthquake. Large tsunamis can completely devastate low-lying coastal areas. When sediments with a high water content are subjected to prolonged shaking, the pressure of the water held in pores in the sediment graudally increases eventually, the sediments lose all cohesive strength and begin to behave as if they were liquids.
Building and other structures sink into the ground or overturn and buried tanks and other cavities rise to the surface. This is known as liquefaction. Liquefaction occurred during the earthquake of in Jamaica and was responsible for the destruction of the town of Port Royal.
Over the past few decades, many parts of the Eastern Caribbean have become increasingly vulnerable to liquefaction because of the increased use of reclaimed land for urban development. University of the West Indies, St.Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) offers the possibility to convert essentially any type of biogenic material into liquid fuels without the requirement of prior energy-intensive drying.
HyFlexFuel aims at developing all individual process steps of HTL-based fuel production and at demonstrating their viability under relevant operational conditions. “Hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of biomass provides a direct pathway for liquid biocrude production. This liquid product is a complex mixture of oxygenated hydrocarbons and, in the case of algae biomass, it contains substantial nitrogen as well.
Food industry. The use of Supercritical CO 2 as an extraction solvent for natural products is the oldest and the most developed process on an industrial scale, with applications especially in the food industry. Welcome.
The Guest Research Group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign specializes in the development of sustainable infrastructure.
Dr. Jaya Shankar Tumuluru is a senior scientist in the Biofuels Department at the Idaho National Laboratory. He is the principal investigator for the Biomass Size Reduction, Drying, and Densification project supported by the Bioenergy Technologies Office at the U.S.
Department of Energy. Hydrothermal liquefaction is promising technology for converting high-moisture waste biomass into energy dense “biocrude” oil that can be used for direct combustion or refined for transportation grade fuels.